Archive by category | - Luiz Antonio Barreto deCastro

The Patent System in Brazil

The Patent System in Brazil

During the ’60s, biology was not patentable. Genetic engineering started during the ’70s, but it was called recombinant DNA technology back then. Investments made in this area demanded a solution for intellectual property (IP) rights being applied to biology.  Read more

The Future of Startups in Brazil

The Future of Startups in Brazil

I’ve already written about Brazil as an emerging power in the area of science. A remaining challenge for the country is to move from science to industry in major areas, including biotech. I’ve also written about the laws surrounding biotech, but these laws mostly affect medium and large-size companies, because those can demonstrate incomes from which fiscal incentives can be applied and deducted from income tax.  Read more

Your questions, answered (or at least discussed)

Your questions, answered (or at least discussed)

A Trade Secrets reader recently emailed me to ask if we might supply a post on this question: “How would an entrepreneur or small biotech raise funding, after having biological proof of concept?”  … Read more

Brazil’s laws

Brazil’s laws

Biotechnology development in Brazil is moving, but slowly, due to the lack of (1) investments from the private sector and (2) a clear and consistent exercise of the Brazilian patent law (9279/96). In this commentary we will deal with the first issue and in the next with the patent context.  Read more

No Genes, No Future

No Genes, No Future

The biotech industry relies strongly on genetic engineering, and on genes being characterized and properly expressed. This was clear to me more than three decades ago, after Herbert Boyer expressed in California the insulin gene in E. coli. I’m a member of the Brazilian Academy of Science, and since the ‘80s, I’ve stated that countries that do not identify genes will never build a competitive pharmaceutical industry, or agbusiness industry, or, more recently, biofuels industry.  Read more

Brazil Feeds the World

Brazil Feeds the World

Brazil produces almost 150 million tons of grain in 50 million hectares, and it multiplied grain production by four in the last four decades. It can double again that figure without destroying the Amazon or the Cerrado. Here’s how.  Read more